If modern electronic vehicles were people, they would be teenagers who are always on Twitter and YouTube. In the eyes of most people, they are more environmentally friendly than conventional cars that run on diesel or gasoline. EVs don’t emit health-harming nitrogen oxide or climate-damaging greenhouse gases, and in addition to this, they’re silent and easy to control. However, many critics have questioned the EV’s clean image. Skeptics have raised concerns over the overall autonomy, battery power sources, and the manufacturing process of electronic vehicles. Critics claim that EVs pollute the environment more than conventional gas-powered cars. With all these misleading information out there, the truth has become clouded. We have decided to tell you the facts so that we put the brakes this debate once and for all.
What is the world doing about environmental pollution in the automotive industry?
Many countries are encouraging their citizens to buy electric cars. This move is motivated by the need to reach national targets like eliminating air pollution in city spaces and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. For instance, Germany has pledged to have a million EVs by 2020; this is a 40 percent reduction in carbon emissions when compared to how it was in 1994. Even though Germany is unlikely to achieve this goal its a step in the right direction, many nations need to learn from it.
So what makes EVs special?
Electric vehicles have many advantages over gas-powered cars. EVs have cheaper running costs, more health benefits, less harmful exhaust emissions, they’re quieter than internal combustion engines, and they are more inexpensive to maintain. Driving in an EV is as safe as operating in a military tank. Okay, I might have exaggerated a little, but you get the point. Scholars have said that EVs are much safer than conventional cars because they are unlikely to roll over if they are involved in an accident. They also have a durable body construction that reduces the risk of explosions or major fires.
So conventional vehicles pollute the environment?
Yes, dummy. They do. We already know that conventional cars with combustion engines pollute the environment; this happens through their exhaust emissions. Before a new vehicle can hit the streets, the manufacturers must source materials like paints, glass, steel, plastics, rubber, and many others. This leaves a giant footprint on the environment. For instance, local ecosystems can be damaged when petroleum products are extracted from the earth. Scientists have said that emissions of greenhouse gases have contributed a lot to global warming. These vehicles also produce harmful gases that can cause health complications.
Do electric vehicles contribute in pollution?
Electric cars are meant to get rid of the pollution problem but the truth is simple, they are not perfect. They have been criticized for the following reasons.
*The EV batteries are made from rare earth metals that contribute to carbon emissions when they are extracted.
*It is also difficult to dispose of these batteries when they expire and it doesn’t help that their toxic components can be harmful to the environment.
*A lot of energy is used when manufacturing the batteries and this results in a lot of pollution.
*The electricity in an EV is mostly sourced from fossil fuels, meaning that the vehicle produces CO2 from the production stage to the recycling stage.
*In fact, this CO2 is nearly as much as a gas-powered car.
*Fun fact, the carbon footprint of an EV over its lifetime is not perfect, but it is less harmful to the environment. Scientists are working on ways to make EVs more eco-friendly.
Is there a future for electronic vehicles?
Most manufacturers are working towards improving the production of renewable energy and decreasing their dependence on fossil fuels. The future of EVs is as bright as that of a church mouse that has just won a lottery. This is because they emit fewer emissions when compared to their competitors who are driven by fossil fuels. Automakers have decided to decrease the total carbon emissions by making more electric cars. The efficiency and sustainability of this technology will improve when mainstream companies begin to push it. EV manufacturing will benefit from economies of scale by providing better recycling options, efficient manufacturing techniques, and better infrastructure. As technology enters the mainstream, it is likely to become even more efficient. This means that there will be less of a need to mine new materials.